You might be wondering where all this C# 3.0 is going. Especially when reading the previous post on Lambda expressions. Let me give you a sneak preview of how Linq needs most of what’s in C# 3.0.
Linq uses lambda expressions quite heavily. Linq expresses queries with query operators, which essentially are methods that work on IEnumerable<T> implementing types (well, sort of. This is half the truth. Read slidedeck as pdf here.) So, given an array or collection (which implements IEnumerable<T>), there is a query operator Where that filters out values based on a predicate (read: filter) function that we must pass. In psuedo-code this is: IEnumerable<Customer> filteredCustomers = customers.Where(delegate object to predicate function)
Instead of defining a formal function or a clumsy anonymous method:
we can write this much more elegantly with a lambda expression:
Without Lambda expressions such operators would be harder to read and more difficult to understand. When you take a look at how the Where operator is defined in System.Core.dll, you will see that an extension method declared in System.Query.Sequence does the job.
Notice the use of Func<T, bool> for the delegate type to the predicate function. Obviously a “where” filters out values based on a boolean evaluation.